What Are 8 Important Steps In Dissertation Research Process?

A dissertation or thesis is most likely the lengthiest and most challenging assignment a student has ever completed. Nevertheless, because the student can select a topic of special interest and work autonomously, unlike in essays and other tasks, it can be a genuinely gratifying piece of work.

A dissertation research process will go much more smoothly if the student understands the writing process of a dissertation or thesis. Here are some general guidelines on how to create a top-notch dissertation or thesis without going insane in the process.

Step 1: Recognize What A Dissertation Is.

Simply put, a dissertation or thesis is a formal research document that exemplifies the standard research methodology. It is not an opinion article; you should not use it to advance your cause or persuade others to agree with you. What is the typical research process now? The four main steps are as follows:

  1. Ask a question (or questions) that are very detailed and well-written (your research topic)
  2. View the comments made by other researchers about it.
  3. If they haven’t adequately reacted, gather and do a comprehensive scientific analysis of your data.
  4. Based on the findings of your study, respond to your initial question(s).

Step 2: Pick A Unique, Interesting Topic

As was previously said, the first step in the dissertation research process is to formulate a precise, well-defined question. Alternatively, you must develop a study topic that poses a particular question or set of questions (these are called research questions). The following are a few essential qualities of a strong dissertation topic:


Your research topic should be clear regarding what you intend to investigate, what you hope to learn, and how you plan to do so. Regarding the subject of your research, there should be no room for doubt or ambiguity. You can also buy dissertation online when you don’t have any option to get things clear.


Your study should tackle a problem or combination of problems that have not been solved before, or that have not been solved in a specific situation (for example, in a specific country or industry).

It is not enough to pose a novel or original question; the answer must be valuable, or, to put it another way, providing accurate answers to your research questions should benefit the field of study or the sector.

Step 3: Create A Strong Research Proposal

The next stage is to convince your university to let you research it after you have selected a solid research topic in the dissertation research process. Regardless of how fascinating you think your topic is, it must be approved before you can start your investigation. To do this, a research proposal might be utilized as a tool. So what exactly is in a research proposal?

  • You have a clearly stated, unique, and important topic (this may seem similar)
  • You have done some preliminary study on the literature that is already available on your topic (i.e. a literature review)
  • You have put together a basic plan for how you will gather and evaluate data (i.e. a methodology)

Step 4: Write a Strong Introduction Chapter

Once your proposal is accepted, you can begin with the dissertation research process. Your first three chapters, the introduction, literature review, and methodology—will be built on the ideas presented in your proposal.

What does the first chapter’s purpose?

It will typically include the following:

  • A concise description of the study’s setting and an explanation of its primary emphasis
  • A statement of the problem with the state of the research at the moment (in other words, where the knowledge gap exists)
  • Your research topics – the specific issues that you hope to address through your study (based on the knowledge gap)
  • The significance of your research, or why it is important and how the results will help the world.

Step 5: Carry Out A Detailed Literature Review

To uncover your research gap and create a compelling research proposal, you will need to conduct some preliminary evaluation in Steps 2 and 3, but that is just the start. You will need to go even further into the most recent research when you reach the literature review stage of your dissertation or thesis and write a comprehensive literature review chapter.
Reading Up:
To fully understand the state of research on your problem, you must thoroughly examine the pertinent literature (journal articles, textbook chapters, industry reports, etc.). It takes time and effort to read and understand all the required literature. When arranging your study, allow enough time for this step because many students underestimate the amount of work involved.

Write your literature review chapter once you have read and absorbed all the data. To produce an effective literature review chapter, you must achieve at least three things:

  1. Rather than just summarizing the available research, you must synthesize it. In other words, you need to show how numerous theories work together and what researchers agree on and disagree with.
  2. You need to specify the research gap your project will fill. Or, to put it another way, before your study topic suggests a solution, you must define the issue.
  3. Prior research should be the foundation for your methodology and approach to your current study design.

Step 6: Carry Out Your Research

It’s time to create your study. Once you have finished your literature review and fully understood the current research, this study aims to find the solutions to your particular research question. Planning your research strategy and drafting a methodology section should come first.

Make A Research Plan.

The first stage is to create your research strategy and write a methodology chapter.

This chapter also describes the “how” of your research. It makes sense that because the “what” and “why” were covered in the introduction and literature review chapters, the “how” should be covered next; this is what the methodology chapter is all about. You can hire a dissertation writing service for better planning.

Collect And Analyse Your Data At The Last Stage.

Once your research concept is complete, you will put it into practice and start gathering data. This can entail conducting interviews, an online survey, or other data collection methods. Make sure you allow enough time in your project schedule for data collection because it can take a while (especially if you perform in-person interviews). Consider adding more time to your budget because things do not always go as expected (for instance, you do not get as many survey responses as expected). Before beginning the analysis, you must prepare your data after collecting it.

Step 7. Make A Presentation Of Your Findings.

After you have completed your analysis, it is finally time to present your results. In a dissertation or thesis, you will typically present your findings in two chapters, i.e. the results chapter and the discussion chapter.

Difference Between The Chapters On Results And Discussion

Although the results and discussion chapters are identical, the discussion chapter examines the story the data is telling, or in other words, it gives your interpretation of the results. In contrast, the results’ chapter delivers the processed data neatly and clearly without interpretation.

These two chapters (results and discussion) are periodically combined into one, depending on the university and degree. Be sure to check with your institution, then. Regardless of chapter organization, this part aims to communicate your research’s conclusions in a clear, understandable way.

Step 8: Conclude And Discuss Any Implications.

This chapter will summarize your research by highlighting the key findings and outlining their implications.

What are the most significant results? The important findings directly relate to your primary research concerns and overall study objectives (which you discussed in your introduction chapter). On the other hand, the implications explain what your findings entail for business or further research in your field.

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