How are teeth cleaned at the dentist? Why do you need teeth cleaning? Is it necessary to clean teeth at the dentist’s? The answer is yes. Although we clean our teeth twice daily with a brush, it does not ensure good dental health. To keep your teeth healthy and prevent them from unwanted germs, bacteria, infection, plaque, and tartar, you need teeth cleaning on a routine basis.
Moreover, try to get professional teeth cleaning every six months or at least once a year. If you are suffering from a harder form of plaque and tartar, you must visit a dentist to clean it. They use several tools and accessories to clean your teeth properly. Let’s learn about it.
How teeth are cleaned at the dentist?
Using a mirror:
When you go to any dentist, their first pickup tool is a mirror to observe your teeth carefully.
They use the mirror as a magnifying glass. There are different instruments for different patients and purposes.
For front teeth, the dentist uses one instrument; for back teeth, the dentist uses a back instrument. The posterior instruments are curvier compared to the anterior instrument.
This helps the dentist loosen any hard plaque and tartar in your teeth or gum pocket.
Then, the dentist uses a scraper to scrape off the plaque and tartar from the particular area. Some patients find it uncomfortable and don’t want to feel this sensitivity again and again.
After plucking tartar from your teeth, the dentist then smoothes your teeth using a scaler. Scaler helps to make your teeth smooth. It also helps the doctor to make sure that they clean it properly. The dentist also uses an ultrasound scaler. It is like a regular scaler, but it has water coming out of it.
This scaler applies high pressurized water with ultrasound vibration to remove tartar, plaque, and stain. The dentist uses it, dialing up and down depending on the number of tartars. For soft tartar, dentists use a low setting, and for hard tartars and plaque, dentists use a high setting for every single surface of every single tooth properly and thoroughly.
Washing with water:
After scaling your teeth, the next is washing your mouth thoroughly with running water to remove any leftover tartars stuck anywhere inside your mouth while scraping.
Polishing your teeth:
Then, the dentist gives your teeth a final wash with abrasive toothpaste applied on the powered toothbrush. This polishing helps remove any remaining germs from your teeth and stains. The most important function of polishing is making the tooth surface smooth and free of residual plaque after instrumentation.
After polishing in such a way, there is little chance for the tartar or plaque to reattach to the tooth surface. Doctors also use an air polisher in that case.
Polisher or toothpaste comes with so many flavours. The dentist may also use professional flossing to clean your teeth perfectly.
Some dentist gives fluoride treatment for better cleansing of your teeth. It not only helps to remove leftover germs from your teeth, but also helps to give a bright look to your teeth.
Besides, this treatment prevents plaque and tartar from forming again in your teeth. Here the dentist applies it to your mouth for one minute. Then the dentist asks you to spit out.
Can teeth cleaning hurt?
It totally depends on the complication of your teeth. If you suffer from a more complicated issue such as:-inflammation in the gum, tooth decay, or other infection, you can feel pain or sensitivity while cleaning.
Can dental cleaning damage teeth?
Not at all, but if you are going through a deep cleaning process, that may cause some side effects to your teeth. As:-
- Pain and sensitivity
- Gum recession
- Nerve damage, but it is very rare.
These side effects only last for 6-7 days. Sometimes, it may extend to 1 or two weeks.
Type of dental cleaning:
Whenever you go to the dentist for teeth cleaning, they generally apply four types of dental cleaning processes. As:
- Prophylaxis dental cleaning
- Scaling and root planning cleaning
- Periodontal Maintenance cleaning
- Gross Debridement cleaning
These cleaning processes depend on the longevity and depth of plaque and tartar on your teeth. The first cleaning method is for those who want to prevent any dental disease but don’t have any serious issues.
The second method is the deep cleaning method to cure gingivitis, periodontitis diseases, gum inflammation, and certain oral health complications. The third cleaning process is for those suffering from gum diseases who want to clean their gum or gum pocket perfectly.
The final one is for more complicated teeth issues and those who don’t visit the doctor for longer. This cleaning process is for hard plaque and tartar.
Overall, we can say you are now well aware of how to clean teeth at the dentist, what are the side effects of it? Can it hurt you? The cleaning methods are all in one. So, if you want healthy and strong teeth for a lifetime, don’t forget to meet your dentist every 6 months for basic cleaning and checkup to eliminate any serious matters or problems.